An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label allocated to every device in a network. There are two types of IP address in the device network. The first one is Private IP Address or “Internal” which is assigned to the device by the home router to interact within the internal network and the second one is Public IP Address “External”, which is assigned by the Internet Service Provider or ISP. An IP address (set of address) serves two principal functions: host or network interface identification and site address.
You can find the public IP address and private IP address for a computing device in Windows and Android in easy steps. Every device on the network has a private IP address only seen by other devices on the local network. But the ISP (Internet Service Provider) assigns you a public IP address or external IP address that other devices on the Internet can see.
What is Public IP Address?
A public IP Address is used on the “outside” of the network and is assigned by the ISP. It’s the main IP address that the home or business network uses to communicate with the rest of the networked devices around the world. It provides a way for the devices in the home, for example, to reach the ISP, and therefore the outside world, allowing them to do things like access websites and it communicates directly with other computers and servers around the world.
A public IP address is an address that is assigned to a device that is connected to the internet. To connect the internet, a device must have a unique IP address to allow other nodes and devices to locate it and establish a connection. A public IP address could be assigned to a web server, an email server, or even an individual’s personal computer.
What is Private IP Address?
A private IP Address is used “inside” a network, like the one you probably run at home, used by things like tablets, Wi-Fi cameras, wireless printers, desktops, etc. These variants of IP addresses are used to provide the simplest way for the devices to communicate with the router and all the other devices on the private network. Private IP addresses may be set manually or assigned automatically by the router.
A private IP address is assigned to a device within a closed network and is not available to search for on the internet. Let’s imagine that you have a home network – You have got a desktop computer, a laptop, a smartphone, and a tablet. These devices all connect to the web through a central router. Instead of every device on the network being allocated with a public IP address, the only public IP Address you will use is assigned to the router.
When connecting the internet connection, the private IP addresses will remain hidden, and only the routers public IP address is visible.
Both private IP addresses and public IP addresses are either dynamic or static addressing. It means that, respectively, they either change or they don’t.
We are going to explain a number of methods by which you can find an IP address (private and public) on any device.
How to Find the Public IP Address on Any Device?
These are the methods of how to find the network’s public IP address:
1. Find Public IP Address on Windows
Follow these steps to how to find the Public IP address in cmd on Windows:
Step 1. Click the search icon on the taskbar and enter “cmd”.
Step 2. Type “ipconfig/all” in the Command Prompt window and hit Enter.
Step 3. Check the Default Gateway section for the router’s IP address.
Step 4. Copy the router’s IP address and paste it into the address bar of the web browser. Now, enter the router’s Username and Password when prompted and inspect the Config/Status page to find the public IP address.
2. Find Public IP Address using IP Lookup Tool
If you don’t like the idea of delving into the router’s settings, then Pure VPN’s IP lookup tool can help you find and display the public IP address. Simply open the website, and it will show you details about the IP address, ISP, city, and country.
Note: Keep in mind that if you’re using a virtual private network called VPN, it will not show the IP assigned by the ISP, but rather the IP that the VPN server has assigned to you.
3. Find Public IP Address Search “What is My IP Address” on Google
This is the simplest method to find the public IP address. Just go to Google and simply search “What is My IP Address”. The search result will be a few numbers with “your Public IP address” appears.
How to Find the Private IP Address on Any Device?
These are the methods of how to find the network’s private IP address:
1. Find Private IP Address on Windows
Follow these steps to find the private IP address on Windows:
Step 1. Click the Internet icon on the bottom right corner of the taskbar and select Network & Internet Settings.
Step 2. Click Change adapter options and look for the active Ethernet or wireless connection in the new window. Right-click the connection and select Status.
Step 3. Click Details. You’ll now be able to see the private IP address along with other network settings.
You can also find the private IP address by running “ipconfig/all” in Command Prompt – this works on all modern versions of the Windows.
If you’re using Wi-Fi to connect to the local network, you’ll be able to find the private IP address under the “Wireless LAN adapter Local Area Connection” section.
However, if you’re using an ethernet cable, the active IP address will be displayed under the “Ethernet adapter Ethernet” section.
2. Find Private IP Address on an Android Phone
Step 1. click on the Settings icon.
Step 2. Select Wi-Fi/WLAN under Wireless & Networks.
Step 3. All Wi-Fi connection are display. Now, click on the Advanced settings.
Step 4. Find the private IP address and MAC address at the bottom of the page.
It’s additionally necessary to understand that IP addresses aren’t always fixed, you will often be appointed a brand-new public IP address by the ISP. If you have purchased a static, though, that’s a different story and the IP will not change and stay the same.
Similarly, unless you have come upon a static IP for everyone in all the devices, they may occasionally be assigned new IP addresses by the router. Hopefully, currently, you’ll be able to master the various ways to find the IP address!